Weights and Measures

Old Weights and Measures from the Sunlight Almanac, 1898.

MEASURES OF CAPACITY
1   Minim = 1   Drop.
1   Drachm " 1   Teaspoonful.
2   Drachms " 1   Dessertspoonful.
4   Drachms " 1   Tablespoonful.
60   Minims " 1   Drachm.
8   Drachms " 1   Ounce.
20   Ounces " 1   Pint.
4   Gills * " 1   Pint (34.659 cub. in.)
2   Pints " 1   Quart.
2   Quarts " 1   Pottle.
4   Quarts " 1   Gallon (277.274 cb. in.)
2   Gallons " 1   Peck.
4   Pecks " 1   Bushel (1.2837 c.ft.)
2   Bushels " 1   Strike.
3   Bushels " 1   Sack.
4   Bushels " 1   Coomb.
8   Bushels " 1   Quarter.
12   Sacks " 1   Chaldron.
5   Quarters " 1   Wey or Load (51.347 cb. ft.)
10   Quarters " 1   Last.
An Imperial Gallon of Distilled Water weighs 10lbs. Avoirdupois.
* In the North of England Half-a-Pint is called a Gill, and the true Gill a "Noggin."


MEASURES OF LENGTH
3   Barley - Corns = 1   Inch (obsolete).
12   Lines " 1   Inch.
  Inches " 1   Nail.
3   Inches " 1   Palm.
4   Inches " 1   Hand.
9   Inches " 1   Span.
12   Inches " 1   Foot.
18   Inches " 1   Cubit.
3   Feet " 1   Yard.
5   Feet " 1   Pace. *
6   Feet " 1   Fathom.
  Yards " 1   Rod, Pole or Perch.
4   Poles (100lks.) " 1   Chain (66 feet).
10   Chains (40pls.) " 1   Furlong.
8   Furlongs " 1   Mile (1,760 yards). **
3   Miles " 1   League.
1.151   Miles " 1   Knot*** or Nautical Mile.
691/6   Miles " 1   Geographical Degree.
* A Military Pace is 2½ feet; an Itinerary Pace, 3 feet. ** The old Irish Mile was 2,240 yards, and the Scotch 1,977 yards. *** The Admiralty Knot is 6,080 feet.


SQUARE AND LAND MEASURE
144   Sq. Inches = 1   Sq. Foot.
9   Sq. Feet " 1   Sq. Yard.
30¼   Sq. Yards " 1   Sq. Rod.
16   Polesor Rods " 1   Chain.
40   Polesor Rods " 1   Rood.
4   Roods " 1   Acre (4,840 Sq. Yds.).
640   Acres " 1   Sq. Mile.